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Emilia-Romagna

The double region is a haven of art treasures that is hardly inferior even to Tuscany: Ravenna with the mausoleum of the Gothic king Theodoric, Parma with its magnificent cathedral and the palace of the Dukes of Farnese, Modena with its Romanesque cathedral and of course Bologna, the capital of the region. But the culinary tradition is also impressive: Aceto Balsamico di Modena, Parma ham or the tangy Lambrusco are known far beyond the borders of Italy.

VINEYARD

58,000 hectares

PRODUCTION

6.3 million hectoliters

TOP 3 GRAPE VARIETIES

Lambrusco, Sangiovese, Albana

WINE TYPE

classic and sparkling (Lambrusco) red wines, simple white wines

History

The history of viticulture in Emilia-Romagna goes back to the Etruscan period - this is confirmed by finds near Faenza. In the Middle Ages, a number of vines such as Lambrusco, Sangiovese or Pignatello were of national importance. International varieties such as Cabernet Sauvignon, Merlot, Chardonnay and Sauvignon Blanc have also been represented in the region since the 19th century.

Geography

Emilia-Romagna is the largest region in Italy, but at the same time one of the least known. It extends from the beaches of the Adriatic coast over the Po plain to the peaks of the Apennines. It is divided into two areas with different histories and cultures: Emilia is the agricultural part of Bologna to the northwest, Romagna stretches from Bologna east to the sea and faces it.

Climate and soil

The climate is Mediterranean with more and more continental influences the closer you get to the Apennines. The soils are partly alluvial soils, partly loamy, calcareous subsoil and marl.

Growing areas and vineyards

Emilia-Romagna is now an area with 20 DOC and DOCG zones. This includes small zones like the one for Bosco Eliseo DOC and large zones like the one for Sangiovese di Romagna DOC (with around 150,000 hectoliters of wine produced). 58,000 hectares are under vines in Emilia-Romagna, almost half of them on the plain.

Wines and production volume

Not quite 5 million hectoliters of wine are produced. One of the best-known grape varieties in the region is Lambrusco, which is mainly sweet and tangy around Modena. The most important are Grasparossa di Castelvetro, Lambrusco di Sorbara, Lambrusco Salamino, Lambrusco Marani, Lambrusco Maestri or Lambrusco Montericco. In Romagna between Bologna and Rimini, however, Sangiovese is dominant, the basis of Sangiovese di Romagna DOC. Albana is the first white grape variety to be awarded the DOCG designation in Italy.

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