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Piedmont

One of the great wine-growing regions in the world, and this is mainly thanks to the Langhe wines and the Nebbiolo grape variety. But that's not all that Piedmont has to offer in terms of grape variety: The Barbera grape produces fruity, fresh and sometimes surprisingly long-lasting wines in the Astigiano and Monferrato growing areas. Dolcetto, Grignolino and Freisa are also the basis of very independent red wines, Cortese di Gavi or Favorita form the basis of whites.

VINEYARD

47,000 hectares

PRODUCTION

2.5 million hectoliters

TOP 3 GRAPE VARIETIES

Nebbiolo, Barbera, Dolcetto

WINE TYPE

Long-lasting red wines rich in tannins, partly from single vineyards, fresh fruity Rossi and also solid white wines from autochthonous grape varieties

History

Over the millennia, the region has been under the influence of different peoples. The name Piedmont was first mentioned in 1193 in a contract between the city of Asti and the Marquis of Saluzzo and soon became synonymous with the whole region. Later it was used as the name for the domain of the House of Savoy on this side of the Alps. The former capital of the Savoy, Turin, is still the capital of the region today.

Geography

The name of the region comes from the Latin "ad pedem montium" (at the foot of the mountains), and that also characterizes the location. The largest region in terms of surface area of mainland Italy borders on Switzerland, France, Liguria, Emilia-Romagna, Lombardy and the Aosta Valley.

Climate and soils

The natural amphitheater of the Alps, which borders the region on three sides, ensures a balanced climate without excess temperatures. The hilly areas in particular benefit from this with their loamy-calcareous soils, sometimes - as in the Roero - with sandy components.

Growing areas and vineyards

Around 90 percent of the 47,000 hectares of vineyards are in the hands of red vines, above all Nebbiolo, the basis of the DOCG wines Barolo, Barbaresco and Roero around the city of Alba. Nebbiolo is also at home in a small growing area in northern Piedmont around Gattinara and Ghemme. However, the most widely grown variety in Piedmont is Barbera. Cortese (for Gavi) and Arneis dominate the white wines. The Moscato grape, the basis of flowery, fresh sparkling wines, also takes up a large part of the vineyard area.

Wines and production volumes

The DOCG wines Barolo, Barbaresco and Roero are made from pure Nebbiolo varieties, while Barbera dʼAsti, Barbera del Monferrato and Barbera dʼAlba also use complementary grapes. Exception: the Nizza DOCG, a small cultivation area around the city of Nice, in which Barbera must be used as a single variety.

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