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“Piu pastori che pescatori” is the motto of Sardinia, there are more shepherds than fishermen here. The Pecorino Sardo - sheep's milk cheese - is therefore still one of the island's most important export goods. The wines, on the other hand, are still primarily drunk by the numerous tourists on the holiday island. As cellar medicine, the strong, dark red wines also often provide the structure of flat-chested wines from other parts of Italy and Europe.

Sardinia

History

The Mediterranean island of Sardinia was settled before the Neolithic, and the nuraghe culture followed in the 2nd millennium BC. The approximately 6500 characteristic round stone towers are still the symbol of Sardinia today. The Phoenicians founded the seaports of Tharros and Pula, later came the Greeks, Carthaginians and the Romans. Even in Spanish times, the island remained one of the granaries and wine chambers. In the 16th century, Sardinia owned around 70,000 hectares of vineyards.

Geography

The second largest island in Italy with the capital Cagliari is a partially mountainous region where sheep are raised. Tourists are mainly attracted by the rocky and sandy beaches, which are sometimes reminiscent of the Caribbean.

Climate and soil

The Mediterranean climate mainly characterizes the south of the island, where - predominantly autochthonous - vines are still partly rooted in the sand. The continental climate partly shapes the inland and also the Gallura in the north of the island, where fresh white wines from Vermentino are pressed.

Growing areas and vineyards

In Sardinia there are 26,000 hectares under vines. In the northern parts of the country - especially in Gallura - fresh, partly robust white wines from Vermentino are also pressed. Two thirds of the production, however, are red wines: Cannonau is the most important grape variety, in the best case the basis of a characterful Rossi. The Cagnulari grape in the northwest and the Carignano grape in the south also have great potential.

Wines and production volume

Vermentino and Cannonau are usually the basis of simple drinking wines, while red wines from Cagnulari and Carignano, which often still thrive on the bush, are more powerful and independent. A particular specialty is Vernaccia, an autochthonous white grape variety that grows in western Sardinia and from which sherry-like dessert wines are created.

VINEYARD

26,000 hectares

PRODUCTION

620,000 hectoliters

TOP 3 GRAPE VARIETIES

Cannonau, Carignano, Vermentino

WINE TYPE

fruity red wines, surprisingly crisp white wines, sherry-like dessert wines

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